Carrots are vegetables that contain great benefits for the body since they are rich in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, which need a cool climate and a soil rich in organic material to be able to develop more properly.
Cultivation of carrot
The cultivation of this vegetable is carried out directly (on the ground) mainly in spring and winter due to the cool climate that is generated at that time, taking into account that the depth for sowing carrots is at least 1 to 2 cm. and with a space between plants of 8 to 10 cm.
How to sow the carrot
The land where the sowing will take place must retain moisture and must be prepared in advance, constantly stirring it, adding fertilized manure or compost, in this way the land is well prepared with all the nutrients it needs for the carrot to develop well shape
Steps to sow carrot:
- Make furrows in which you will deposit the seeds (from 2 to 4 seeds per hole) at a depth of 1 to 2 cm, placing each plant at a distance of 8 to 10 cm from each other.
- It is recommended that the land where the carrot will be planted has sun exposure (it is optional.
- Check if seeds germinate in the same hole and proceed to separate them, because if they grow crowded they will not be able to develop effectively.
- Plants should be watered 3 to 4 times a week for periods of 30 to 40 minutes, mainly by drip irrigation.
General care in carrot cultivation
These vegetables take between 3 to 4 months to develop, therefore we must take care of them while they develop. We can achieve this process with the help of the following tips:You should avoid excess water in the plants but always keep the soil moist, so it should be sown in a prepared land that retains moisture.Remove the weeds from around our carrot plants to prevent pests or diseases from being generated.Check if crusts are generated in the soil of our plantation, if so, loosen the soil carefully without damaging the plants
.In extreme cases where temperatures drop more than 5ºC, apply grease to protect the plants.Do not sow carrots in soils where plants such as celery, coriander, parsley, etc were planted (it could cause pests or diseases)Sow each plant at a distance of 8 to 10 cm.Sow the seeds to a depth of 1 to 2 cm.
Weed Out the Carrots
When the carrots grow, some weeds also grow along with them. We must weed them out in order to get good quality carrots. Weeds in the carrots are just like the carrots and one can hardly differentiate them from carrot sprouts. While weeding, we must know what is carrot and what is weed. You can learn how the carrots look in the post: What do carrot sprouts look like?
Carrot crops take 3 to 4 months to grow, depending on the conditions of the place where the plants were planted, after this period of time we can harvest the carrots and for this we have the following tips:Carry out the harvest when the soil is wet, in this way it will be easier to collect the vegetable without running the risk of damaging it or breaking it.If the soil is dry and hard, use a hand shovel to loosen it.Once the carrot is harvested, cut the leaves, in this way moisture is retained.When harvesting, wash the carrot and place it in a cool place or in the refrigerator.
The carrot is one of the most produced vegetables in the world because it is rich in vitamins, antioxidants and minerals that provide great benefits to the human body and its organism, among them we have:
Strengthens gums and teeth
Consuming raw carrot prevents tooth decay, prevents bacteria from lodging on the teeth and helps preserve their condition, due to its high fluoride content.
Disintegrates kidney clots
It has a high water content which is diuretic and causes kidney clots to disintegrate.
Rich in vitamins and minerals
Thanks to its high content of vitamins and minerals, it gives health to the body, is excellent for eyesight, regenerates dead cells and contributes to assimilate other nutrients that the body needs.
Help with eating disorders
People with anorexia or any other eating disorder can eat carrot as it stimulates the appetite
Strengthen nails and hair
Contains vitamin A which repairs and regenerates damaged cells, which is beneficial for strengthening hair and nails.
Relieves stomach pain
Calms discomfort, constipation and excess acid, because it produces a greater amount of fecal matter due to its high fiber content.Improves the quality of milk during lactation periods
This vegetable is ideal for breastfeeding mothers as it contains vitamin A and beta-carotene, which helps produce healthier breast milk.